My dissertation research asks: Why do humanitarian INGOs choose the interventions they do? Why does an INGO adopt different strategies or pathways in response to similar humanitarian needs?
My aim is to build a theory that explains why INGOs expand or limit the scope of interventions when there is recognized but unmet humanitarian need. My focus is on the processes and mechanisms driving change. Thus, I compare processes of adaptation and innovation by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), the International Committee of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (ICRC), and Save the Children International (SCI) at critical moments in the evolution of humanitarianism, including responses to: HIV/AIDS in the 1990s, Ebola in 2014, and refugee health since the Syrian Civil War broke out in 2011.